This piece of sheet music marks the visit of Her Majesty’s 77th Regiment to Sydney in 1857. The regiment had previously been engaged in the Crimean war, in which Britain and her allies had supported the Ottoman Empire in a dispute with Russia. The arrival of the soldiers in Sydney was celebrated by thousands of onlookers who enjoyed military displays and performances by the regimental band. This short piece for piano was composed in Sydney by the regimental bandmaster shortly before the 77th departed for India in April 1858. The wrapper is illustrated with a view of the band playing in Sydney’s Royal Botanic Gardens, drawn by Samuel Thomas Gill (1819-1880). The music comes from a bound collection of sheet music in the collection at Rouse Hill House and was no doubt performed on the new piano purchased by the Rouse family in 1855. The family owned hundreds of different pieces of music for both voice and piano and, like ‘the 77th Galop’, these surviving publications offer us an opportunity to share in the home-made entertainment of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.