Aunty Tot's lemon biscuits
Family histories recall Auntie Tottie cooking these biscuits, cut into fingers, on large baking trays in the fuel stove at Meroogal. Tottie – Kennina Fanny Thorburn – was the youngest of the Thorburn sisters. Tottie kept a personal diary between 1888–1893 and 1895–1896, which reveals her commitment to home cooking – making jam, baking bread, cakes, scones and biscuits such as these.
…[The] routines laid down in the 1880s… set a pattern kept largely unbroken a least until the 1930s. The whole thing depended on regularity, early rising and the designation of tasks. Special skills were given appropriate application. Belle and Tot… were the cooks, taking the main responsibility week about. But all did their share, especially when it was preserving or jam making time.
Janet K. Ramsay, The women of Meroogal. Historic Houses Trust, 1998. p61
To enter the front door of Meroogal is to step into the family’s everyday lives of social rounds and family ties, domestic chores and routines, the delight in preserves from their orchard and afternoon tea enjoyed with visitors. On the first Monday of each month the Thorburn sisters hosted an ‘at home’ tea – no invitations were needed, friends and family knew to call. Several of the Thorburn’s heirloom recipes survive in manuscript cookbooks which remain in the Meroogal collection.
Recipe: Tot’s lemon biscuits
- 225 g unsalted butter
- 225 g (1 cup) white granulated sugar
- 1 very large egg (or 2 very small eggs)
- zest and juice of 1 lemon
- good pinch of ground nutmeg (optional)
- 450 g (2 2/3 cups) plain flour
- 2 teaspoons baking powder
Preheat the oven to 180°C (160°C fan-forced).
Cream the butter and sugar until pale and fluffy, then beat in the egg thoroughly. Add the lemon zest, 1 tablespoon of the lemon juice, and the nutmeg, if using, and stir well.
Sift the flour and baking powder into the butter mixture and mix until fully incorporated. Turn out onto a well-floured board and knead into a smooth dough, adding a little extra lemon juice if the dough is too dry.
Working in small batches, roll the dough out to 3–5-mm thickness between two sheets of baking paper and cut into desired shapes with biscuit cutters. Place on a baking tray lined with baking paper and cook for 12–15 minutes or until the biscuits just start to colour. Transfer the biscuits to a wire rack and allow them to cool and harden, and repeat the process until all the biscuits are made.
Makes 30–50 depending on size.
Store in an airtight container for up to 2 weeks.
COVID-19 updateFriday 25 June 2021
In line with decisions made by the NSW Government, Sydney Living Museums will close to the public from Saturday 26 June to Friday 9 July (inclusive) to help protect the health of all visitors and staff and minimise the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus) in the state.
Conservation in action: Rum Hospital's verandah and columnsThursday 9 September 2021
Structural repairs and conservation of the timber verandah and columns of the former ‘Rum Hospital’