This braided pill-box style cap was part of the uniform issued to Edward Montague Battye (1817-1898) as an officer of the New South Wales Mounted Police. The cap is lined with satin and carries the manufacturer's label "FAYREFIELD / FINEST FUR FELT". Battye came to NSW in 1848 as aide-de-camp to his uncle Major-General Edward Wynyard. He had begun his working life as a page in the royal household of Queen Adelaide and later served as an officer in the British Army in Canada. He joined the NSW police in 1851 and earned a reputation as a ‘noted thief catcher’. He was known as a brave and tenacious hunter of bushrangers and was popular with the men he commanded in the Western Region Mounted Police and Gold Escort. He was forced to leave the police in 1861 after irregularities were discovered in his police accounts but was re- employed in 1862 in response to public pressure. Colonial newspapers reported that he was “a terror to evil doers in the Western district” and that since his removal the country had been “a prey to unchecked violence”. Battye remained in the police until his retirement in 1893.