Andonis Manolis

Arrived 1829 on the Norfolk
Elizabeth Farm

Originating from Greece, with its ancient traditions of viticulture and olive cultivation, 22-year-old Andonis Manolis (also Androni Tu Malonis) presumably had skills that were invaluable to the Macarthur family with their vineyards and olive trees. Manolis was one of two Greek convicts assigned to the Macarthurs, and was probably one of the Greeks that Surveyor-General Thomas Mitchell saw in the family’s Elizabeth Farm garden in November 1831: ‘at work in that garden of the antipodes, training the vines to trellices made after the fashion of those in the Peloponnesus’.1 Manolis had been transported for piracy in the 1820s, with six other men from the island of Hydra. While on a small boat south of Crete in the Mediterranean, they had taken control of the British ship Alceste on its way to Alexandria, Egypt. After spending eight years in the colony, Manolis and his shipmates were granted absolute pardons. Transferred through the Hyde Park Barracks, they were free to return home, but Manolis chose to stay in the colony and was naturalised in 1854.

  • 1. Major T L Mitchell, Three expeditions into the interior of eastern Australia, T & W Boone, London, 1839, p6.


Coloured print depicting sailors fighting pirates on board ship.

British sailors boarding a Greek pirate [vessel], publisher J L Marks, date unknown. The Mariners’ Museum, Newport News, VA