Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
6 August to 4 September 1787
At Rio de Janerio a variety of seeds and plants were obtained for the new settlement. These included coffee, cotton, cocoa, banana, orange, lemon, guava, tamarind, prickly pear, Pomme Rose [rose apple] and medicinal plants ipecacuana & jalap.
While in port, attention was given to the health of the convicts, who were supplied with daily rations of rice, fresh beef and vegetables served along with, as David Collins wrote, ‘great numbers oranges’ to ‘put them in a state of health and condition to resist the attacks of scurvy’.