Once it arrived safely it could be put into a miner's bank account.
At the start of the gold rush, the escort was organised by the police. In later years, private companies also start to run gold escort services.
Because the escorts were carrying gold, sometimes worth thousands of pounds, they were often targeted by bushrangers.
As a result, the policemen who travelled on the escorts were heavily armed.
As more and more people went to the gold fields the gold escort became more regular.
Soon hundreds of kilograms of gold was being sent to Sydney each week.
After the Sydney Mint opened in May 1855, most of the gold was delivered there.
It was then turned into gold coins called sovereigns and sent back to the miners, using the gold escort once again.