Augusto Lorenzini (1852-1921) was an Italian-born artist decorator who arrived in New South Wales in 1883.

In the 1880s and early 1890s Lorenzini's commissions in Sydney, mostly carried out in the High Renaissance style of Raphael, ranged across commercial, ecclesiastical and domestic work. He was awarded a first order of merit for his mural art decorations in the New South Wales court at the 1888 Melbourne Centennial International Exhibition. This watercolour and gouache presentation drawing is one of a set of designs, each representing one of the Australian colonies. It may relate to Lorenzini’s exhibit at Melbourne in 1888.

Lorenzini’s drawing is part of a long tradition of personifying nations or states using female allegorical figures. There were a number of such representations of New South Wales painted or sculpted in the 1880s, including a statue by Giovanni Fontana in 1883 in which a classical female figure, wearing a chaplet of waratahs, carries a cornucopia of fruit and grain and has a nugget of gold beside her right foot and a fleecy ram at her left foot. A painting by Nicholas Habbe from 1884 also depicts New South Wales as a classical goddess carrying a cornucopia and flanked by a ram. Lucien Henry’s 1888 version of New South Wales in stained glass in the Sydney Town Hall is another female figure surrounded by waratahs and wearing a ram’s-horn headdress. Lorenzini’s representation of New South Wales, by contrast, shows a goddess holding a glittering gold crown, attended by a cupid and seated on a rock in monochromatic bushland. She represents New South Wales as Commerce, in a narrative division of labour between four Australian colonies in which Victoria is Manufactures, Queensland is the Pastoral Industry and South Australia is Agriculture.


About the Author

Head and shoulders photo of woman holding up card to face with conservator's white glove on hand.
Megan Martin
Former Head, Collections & Access
Megan is the former head of Collections & Access at Sydney Living Museums. She has a particular interest in the working of the historical imagination, in teasing out the meanings of objects in museums collections and in crafting the stories that can be recovered/discovered through a close reading of those items of material culture.